Usually the tone of the letter is vague and contains assurances that the honored lady thanks the gentleman for his offer but she cannot accept his proposal.The Victorian precept that a lady "never explains or complains" is followed rigidly.
However, Ireland's population decreased sharply, from 8.2 million in 1841 to less than 4.5 million in 1901, mostly due to the Great Famine.
Britain embarked on global imperial expansion, particularly in Asia and Africa, which made the British Empire the largest empire in history.
Domestically, the political agenda was increasingly liberal, with a number of shifts in the direction of gradual political reform, industrial reform, and the widening of the voting franchise.
Cities filled to overflowing and London was particularly bad.
At the start of the 19th century about 20% of Britain’s population lived there, but by 1851 half the population of the country had set up home in London.